Hey! Randy

Archive for the ‘vocabulary’ Category

Vocabulary vol. 4

Posted by heyrandy on September 2, 2013

Here is the latest volume in Hey Randy’s vocabulary discovery. As always, when evaluating this post score double points to any word you find here that I listed in previous posts.

A

alienage n. the official status of an alien

anchorite n. a person who has retired into seclusion for religious reasons

anomie n. instability caused by the erosion of social ideals and values

antiquary n pl -quaries (Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Antiques) a person who collects, deals in, or studies antiques, ancient works of art, or ancient times Also called antiquarian

apse n. 1. Architecture A usually semicircular or polygonal, often vaulted recess, especially the termination of the sanctuary end of a church. 2. Astronomy An apsis.

areata adj. occurring in patches or a circumscribed area

astrolabe n. a medieval instrument that was used to determine the altitude of the sun or other celestial bodies.

arriviste n. a person who has recently attained high position or great power but not general acceptance or respect; an upstart; a social climber; a bounder

autotelic adj. having a purpose in itself

B

Babbitt n. a narrow-minded, self-satisfied person with an unthinking attachment to middle-class values and materialism. After George F. Babbitt, the main characterin the novel Babbit by Sinclair Lewis

Baignoire n. a box of the lowest tier in a theater.

bailment n.  The process of providing bail for an accused person. 2. The act of delivering goods or personal property to another in trust.

ballade 1. A verse form usually consisting of three stanzas of eight or ten lines each along with a brief envoy, with all three stanzas and the envoy ending in the same one-line refrain. 2. Music A composition, usually for the piano, having the romantic or dramatic quality of a narrative poem

banket n. a gold bearing conglomerate in South Africa.

biennale Italian. every other year.

brassage n. a fee charged for coining of money now called seigniorage

C

cannula n. A flexible tube, usually containing a trocar at one end, that is inserted into a bodily cavity, duct, or vessel to drain fluid or administer a substance such as a medication.

cession n. ceding territory to another state

chancery n. 1. Law a. A court of chancery. b. The proceedings and practice of a court of chancery; equity. c. A court of public record; an office of archives. d. One of the five divisions of the High Court of Justice of Great Britain, presided over by the Lord High Chancellor. 2. The office or department of a chancellor; a chancellery.

Cointreau (TM) n. a colorless liqueur with orange flavoring.

col n. a pass between two mountains

compurgation n. a form of trial where the accused could summon a specified number of people, usually 12, to swear to his innocence.

contrapuntal adj. music of or relating to counterpoint

copse n. a thicket of small trees or shrubs; a coppice

coryphaeus n. a leader of a Greek chorus, a spokesperson

coup de main n. sudden action

D

delator n. an accuser

delict n. A legal offense; a misdemeanor

dell n. a small secluded valley, a hollow

demimonde n. a class of women kept by wealthy lovers, prostitutes.

Deosil adj. sunwise, moving in the same direction as the sun; clockwise

dewlaps n. a wattle of a bird or loose skin on a person especially under the chin

doggo adv. in concealment eg. You should stay doggo.

doyen n. a man who is the eldest or senior member of a group

dressage n. the guiding of a horse through a series of complex maneuvers by slight movement of the rider’s hands, legs, and weight.

duple adj. Consisting of two; double. 2. Music Consisting of two or a multiple of two beats to the measure (from the definition of gavotte qv. infra)

E

eldritch adj. strange or unearthly, eerie

enchiridion n. a handbook, a manual

entail vt 1. To have, impose, or require as a necessary accompaniment or consequence: The investment entailed a high risk. The proposition X is a rose entails the proposition X is a flower because all roses are flowers. 2. To limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs. 3. To bestow or impose on a person or a specified succession of heirs. n. 1. a. The act of entailing, especially property. b. The state of being entailed. 2. An entailed state. 3. A predetermined order of succession, as to an estate or to an office. 4. Something transmitted as if by unalterable inheritance.

exiguous adj. meager, scanty

F

fanfaronade n. a bragging or blustering manner, fanfare

fin-de-siecle adj. of or characteristic of the last part of the 19th century, especially with reference to effete sophistication.

finikin adj. precise in triffles, idly busy. ex. a finikin lass.

firman n. 1. an edict of an Oriental sovereign 2. any authoritative grant of permission

folkmoot n. a general assembly of people in a town, district, or shire in medieval England

foramen n. an opening in the body to allow nerves, arteries, and veins to connect one part of the body to another

fisc n. the treasury of a kingdom or state

furuncle n. a skin boil involving a hair follice

G

gavotte n  A French peasant dance of Baroque origin in moderately quick duple meter. 2. Music for this dance (From Carly Simon’s Your So Vain)

glossator n. a writer of commentaries and glosses, esp. in the middle ages a interpreter of Roman and Canon law

good odor adj. to be in good repute vs. bad odor

graticulation n. The division of a design or draught into squares, in order the more easily to reproduce it in larger or smaller dimensions.

grawlix n. a group of characters such as @#$%^& usually used to indicate swear words

H

hyperborean adj. of or telating to the far north; Artic b. very cold; frigid

hypothecation vt. To pledge (property) as security or collateral for a debt without transfer of title or possession

I

intaglio n. a design carved into a surface as opposed to relief

integument n. a natural outer covering or coat, such as the skin of an animal.

J

Je nes sais quoi French. I don’t know.

K

kolkhozes n. In the USSR a group of peasants who voluntarily come together to operate large scale agricultural operations

L

latifundiun n. a great landed estate esp. of ancient Rome

leasow n. a pasture

lapith n. Greek Mythology One of a Thessalian tribe who at the disastrous wedding of their king defeated the drunken centaurs.

M

madrigals n. a. A song for two or three unaccompanied voices, developed in Italy in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. b. A short poem, often about love, suitable for being set to music. 2. a. A polyphonic song using a vernacular text and written for four to six voices, developed in Italy in the 16th century and popular in England in the 16th and early 17th centuries. b. A part song.

marquetry n. Material such as wood or ivory inlaid piece by piece into a wood surface and veneered to another surface.

meed n. a fitting recompense

metier n. calling; vocation; business; trade

metope n. any of the spaces between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze

mis-en-scene n. the arrangement of performers and properties on a stage for a theatrical production of before the camera in a film. b. a stage setting 2. Physical environment; surroundings

motet n. A polyphonic composition based on a sacred text and usually sung without accompaniment

N

nabob n. 1. A governor in India under the Mogul Empire. Also called nawab2. A person of wealth and prominence.

nark n. an informant

navvy n. n.pl. navvies a laborer, especially one employed in construction or excavation projects.

O

obelus n. n.pl. obeli the division mark

occasionalism n. The doctrine that God is the sole causal actor and that all events are merely occasions on which God brings about what are normally thought of as their effects.
Ossiann. A legendary Gaelic hero and bard of the third centuary A.D.
outre adj. passing the bounds of what is usually considered proper; unconventional; bizarre

P

paralogy n. false reasoning; paralogism

pediment n. a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof

pelisse n. 1. (Clothing & Fashion) a fur-trimmed cloak 2. (Clothing & Fashion) a high-waisted loose coat, usually fur-trimmed, worn esp by women in the early 19th century

penetralia n. pl. the innermost pats of a building, especially the sanctuary of a temple. 2 the most private or secret parts; recesses, (the penetralia of the soul)

peristaltsis n. the wavelike muscular contractions of the alimentary canal or other tubular structures by which the contents are force onward toward the opening

pickelhaube n. a spiked helmet worn by German soldiers

pilcrow the symbol ¶ used to indicate a new paragraph

placer n. a glacial or alluvial deposit that has valuable minerals

poetaster n. a writer of bad poetry

punctilio n. a fine point in etiquette, precise observance of formalitites

porphyry n. An igneous rock containing the large crystals known as phenocrysts embedded in a fine-grained matrix

psychotogen n. a drug that produces psychotic manifestations.

Q

R

S

satori n. Buddhism: a spiritual awakening sough in Zen Buddhism, often coming suddenly

scrim n. a durable loosely woven fabric used for curtains or upholstery lining. 2. A transparent fabric used as a drop in the theater to create special effects of light or atmosphere.

scry vi. to see or predict the future by means of a crystal ball. descry

solidus n. n. pl. solidi printing: a virgule; a slash

stygian n. gloomy, dark, infernal, hellish, 2 of the river Styx

suffragan n. 1. A bishop elected or appointed as an assistant to the bishop or ordinary of a diocese, having administrative and episcopal responsibilities but no jurisdictional functions. 2. A bishop regarded in position as subordinate to an archbishop or a metropolitan

supernumerary n. a person  with no function

T

Taborites n. Eccl. Hist.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who suffered persecution in the fifteenth century; – so called from Tabor, a hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their persecution

tambour n. a drum or drummer

tangka n. an old Tibetan coin

telluric adj. of or relating to Earth; terrestrial 2. Derived or containing tellurium.

thegn also thane n. 1. (in Anglo-Saxon England) a member of an aristocratic class, ranking below an ealdorman, whose status was hereditary and who held land from the king or from another nobleman in return for certain services 2. (in medieval Scotland) a. a person of rank, often the chief of a clan, holding land from the king b. a lesser noble who was a Crown official holding authority over an area of land

trocar n. A sharp-pointed surgical instrument, used with a cannula to puncture a body cavity for fluid aspiration

tump vt. vi., to overturn

U

V

virid adj. green as vegetation, verdant

Voivode n. also called waywode Originally, the title of a military commander in various Slavonic countries; afterwards applied to governors of towns or provinces. It was assumed for a time by the rulers of Moldavia and Wallachia, who were afterwards called hospodars, and has also been given to some inferior Turkish officers.

W

Waywode see Voivode

wheal n. a small swelling of the skin as from an insect bite

widdershins adv. in the contrary or counterclockwise motion

 

Wyrd n. an Anglo-Saxon deity

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Still Adding

Posted by heyrandy on December 12, 2011

Here is some more words I had to look up. I find them in my reading. Extra points to anyone who can find duplicate from the previous lists. The list is alphabetical. Some letter headings have no entries. Fill in the blanks from your own reading.

 

a

ateliers n. A workshop or studio, especially for an artist or designer.

Anglepoise n. a lamp held in place by a flexible jointed mechanism that uses springs to maintain position

an·o·mie or an·o·my  (n-mn. 1. Social instability caused by erosion of standards and values. 2. Alienation and purposelessness experienced by a person or a class as a result of a lack of standards, values, or ideals: “We must now brace ourselves for disquisitions on peer pressure, adolescent anomie and rage” (Charles Krauthammer).

anon 1. adv. At another time; later. 2. In a short time; soon. 3. Archaic At once; forthwith.

apport (Spirituality, New Age, Astrology & Self-help / Alternative Belief Systems) a.  the production of objects by apparently supernatural means at a spiritualists’ seance b.  the objects produced

anacoluthon n. the abrupt change in a sentence. often used for rhetorical effect. eg. I told him if he didn’t stop drinking, what would happen to him.

adjuvant n. an agent added to a drug to increase its effect

agon n. 1. A conflict, especially between the protagonist and antagonist in a work of literature. 2. The part of an ancient Greek drama, especially a comedy, in which two characters engage in verbal dispute. 3. A test of will; a conflict: “Freud’s originality stemmed from his aggression and ambition in his agon with biology” (Harold Bloom). 4. A contest in ancient Greece, as in athletics or music, in which prizes were awarded.

Arawak 1. A member of a South American Indian people formerly inhabiting much of the Greater Antilles and now living chiefly in certain regions of Guiana. 2. The Arawakan language of the Arawak.

atrabilious adj.  Inclined to melancholy.  Having a peevish disposition; surly.

attar n. A fragrant essential oil or perfume obtained from flowers: attar of roses.


b

bally adj & adv (intensifier) Brit slang a euphemistic word for bloody

banlieue n. a suburb of a city

bourn n. a small stream, a brook

boustrophedon a style of writing in which the lines alternate direction

brisance n. The shattering effect of the sudden release of energy in an explosion bri·sant (-zänt, -zät) adj

c

cambric n. a finely woven white linen or cotton fabric.

campanile n. camp a nee lee  a bell tower; usually stands alone unattached to a building

caparison 1. An ornamental covering for a horse or for its saddle or harness; trappings.2. Richly ornamented clothing; finery.tr.v. ca·par·i·sonedca·par·i·son·ingca·par·i·sons1. To outfit (a horse) with an ornamental covering. 2. To dress (another) in rich clothing.

carceral adj. Belonging to a prison

caryatid n. a supporting column sculptured in the form of a draped female figure

Catherine wheel n. a type of firework that spins around and emits flames

cerecloth n. Cloth coated with wax, formerly used for wrapping the dead

chiaroscuro n. 1. The technique of using light and shade in pictorial representation. 2. The arrangement of light and dark elements in a pictorial work of art.

chrism n. Ecclesiastical 1. A consecrated mixture of oil and balsam, used for anointing in church sacraments such as baptism and confirmation. Also called holy oil2. A sacramental anointing, especially upon confirmation into the Eastern Orthodox Church.

chunter (v intr; often foll by on) Brit informal to mutter or grumble incessantly in a meaningless fashion

cisvestitism the dressing in clothes appropriate for one’s own sex

corbel n. A bracket of stone, wood, brick, or other building material, projecting from the face of a wall and generally used to support a cornice or arch. tr.v. cor·beled also cor·belledcor·bel·ing also cor·bel·lingcor·bels also cor·belsTo provide with or support by a corbel or corbels.

crapulence n. 1. Sickness caused by excessive eating or drinking. 2. Excessive indulgence; intemperance.

cri de coeur n. n. pl. cris de coeur (kr) An impassioned outcry, as of entreaty or protest.

d

debridement  n. Surgical excision of dead, devitalized, or contaminated tissue and removal of foreign matter from a wound

dacoit  n. a member of a robber band or gang in India or Myanmar (Burma).

defalcation intr.v. de·fal·cat·edde·fal·cat·ingde·fal·cates To misuse funds; embezzle.

dido n. pl. di·dos or di·does A mischievous prank or antic; a caper.

dingus n. 1. An article whose name is unknown or forgotten. 2. A person regarded as stupid.

disseizin n. law wrongful dispossession of one in possession of real property

doughty adj. stouthearted, brave

drumfire n. heavy, continuous gunfire

drusy (Min.) Covered with a large number of minute crystals

e

eclat  brilliancy of success or effort; splendor; brilliant show; striking effect; glory; renown 2 demonstration of admiration and approbation; applause

fenfilading 1. Gunfire directed along the length of a target, such as a column of troops. 2. A target vulnerable to sweeping gunfire. 3. Architecture A linear arrangement of a series of interior doors, as to a suite of rooms, so as to provide a vista when the doors are open.

epicanthus n pl -thi [-θaɪ] (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Anatomy) a fold of skin extending vertically over the inner angle of the eye: characteristic of Mongolian peoples and a congenital anomaly among other races Also called epicanthic fold [New Latin, from epi- + Latin canthus corner of the eye, from Greek kanthos]entrepot  n. A warehouse; a magazine for depositing goods, stores, etc.a port where merchandise can be imported and re-exported with paying import duties; a mart or place where merchandise is deposited; as, an entrepôt for shipping goods in transit

fellah n. A peasant or agricultural laborer in an Arab country, such as Syria or Egypt.


fetterlock n. another name for a fetlock A projection on the lower part of the leg of a horse or related animal, above and behind the hoof. b. A tuft of hair on such a projection.

feuilleton n. 1. a. The part of a European newspaper devoted to light fiction, reviews, and articles of general entertainment. b. An article appearing in such a section. 2. a. A novel published in installments. b. A light, popular work of fiction. 3. A short literary essay or sketch.

feuterer someone who keeps a dog

fin de siecle adj. Of or characteristic of the last part of the 19th century, especially with reference to its artistic climate of effete sophistication

flensing tr.v. flensedflens·ingflens·es To strip the blubber or skin from (a whale, for example)

flinders n pl  Bits, fragments, or splinters

fons et origo n.the source and origin

forfend vt. To keep or ward off; avert

g

grue a shiver or shudder; a creeping of the flesh vb (intr) 1. to shiver or shudder 2. to feel strong aversion

gutta-percha n. A rubbery substance derived from the latex of any of several tropical trees of the genera Palaquium and Payena, used as an electrical insulator, as a waterproofing compound, and in golf balls

gharry n. A horse-drawn carriage, used primarily in Egypt and India, often as a cab.

gloaming n. twilight, dusk

gymkhana n. 1. Any of various meets at which contests are held to test the skill of the competitors, as in equestrian-ship, gymnastics, or sports car racing.

2. The place where such an event is held.

h

hartal n. the merchants strike where all shops are closed as a form of protest

haver Brit. to talk nonsense, to dither

hierophany the revelation of the sacred

hummock 1. A low mound or ridge of earth; a knoll. 2. also ham·mock (hmk) A tract of forested land that rises above an adjacent marsh in the southern United States. 3. A ridge or hill of ice in an ice field.

i

illeism the referring of one’s self in the third person

idyll 1.a. A short poem or prose piece depicting a rural or pastoral scene, usually in idealized terms.b. A narrative poem treating an epic or romantic theme.2. A scene or event of a simple and tranquil nature.

infando

in media res  adj In or into the middle of a sequence of events, as in a literary narrative

inosculate v.tr. 1. To unite (blood vessels, nerve fibers, or ducts) by small openings. 2. To make continuous; blend. v.intr.1. To open into one another.

2. To unite so as to be continuous; blend.
inter alia  among other things

interne n. (Medicine) a variant spelling of intern us adj. too odious to mention

immure tr.v. im·muredim·mur·ingim·mures 1. To confine within or as if within walls; imprison. 2. To build into a wall: immure a shrine. 3. To entomb in a wall.

in vivo adj adv Within a living organism

j

jamais vu the opposite of déjà vu

jodhpurs n. riding pants

jointure 1. Lawa. An arrangement by which a man sets aside property to be used for the support of his wife after his death.b. The property so designated.2. The act of joining or the state of being joined.

k

karst n. An area of irregular limestone in which erosion has produced fissures, sinkholes, underground streams, and caverns

kohl n. A cosmetic preparation, such as powdered antimony sulfide, used especially in the Middle East to darken the rims of the eyelids

kraal n. South African 1. A rural village, typically consisting of huts surrounded by a stockade

l

lambent 1. Flickering lightly over or on a surface: lambent moonlight. 2. Effortlessly light or brilliant: lambent wit. 3. Having a gentle glow; luminous.

liminal n. the threshold of a psychological or physical response

lissa jous Lissajous curve (or Lissajous figure), a mathematical figure showing a type of harmonic motion. Lissajous orbit, an orbital trajectory resembling a Lissajous curve.

louche adj. of questionable taste or morally decadent

laicization n. lacize vt. to free from ecclesiastical control, give over to the laity

leechcraft n. The art of healing; skill of a physician

logrolling n. The exchanging of political favors, especially the trading of influence or votes among legislators to achieve passage of projects that are of interest to one another. 2. The exchanging of favors or praise, as among artists, critics, or academics.

Lucullan adj. lavish, luxurious

m

marguerite n. any of several similar or related plants having daisylike flowers

maceration vt. to make soft by soaking in a liquid

menticide n. the systematic undermining of someone’s beliefs

meprobamate n. A bitter white powder, C9H18N2O4, used as a tranquilizer, muscle relaxant, and anticonvulsant.

midinette n. a Parisian seamstress or salesgirl in a clothes shop

mirabile dictu interj. Wonderful to relate.

moue n. A small grimace; a pout

n

nocebo n. an inert substance given as a medicine that cause an adverse reaction in the recipient, the opposite of a placebo

nosology n. the classification of diseases

numinous adj. 1. Of or relating to a numen; supernatural. 2. Filled with or characterized by a sense of a supernatural presence: a numinous place. 3. Spiritually elevated; sublime.

o

omphaloskepsis n. a form of religious meditation practiced by Eastern mystics who stare fixedly at their own navels to induce a mystical trance. Also called omphalism.

orotund adj. Pompous and bombastic: orotund talk. 2. Full in sound; sonorous: orotund tone

oubliette n. A dungeon with a trapdoor in the ceiling as its only means of entrance or exit

odalisques n, A woman slave in a harem

ogive n. 1. Statistics a. A distribution curve in which the frequencies are cumulative. b. A frequency distribution. 2. Architecture a. A diagonal rib of a Gothic vault. b. A pointed arch.

p

palfrey n. (pawl’ free) A saddle horse, especially one for a woman to ride

pandit n. Brahman scholar or learned man

perfervid adj. intense, impassioned

phreatic adj, Of or relating to ground water

polje n. (Earth Sciences / Physical Geography) Geography a large elliptical depression in karst regions, sometimes containing a marsh or small lake

pseudopodia n. (Life Sciences & Allied Applications / Biology) a temporary projection from the cell of an amoeboid protozoan, leucocyte, etc., used for feeding and locomotion

puissance n. power, might

purulent adj. Containing, discharging, or causing the production of pus

q

r

Rapallo (Placename) a port and resort in NW Italy, in Liguria on the Gulf of Rapallo (an inlet of the Ligurian Sea): scene of the signing of two treaties after World War I. Pop.: 30 000 (1990 est.)

readeption  n. the regaining of something lost

recusant n. 1. One of the Roman Catholics in England who incurred legal and social penalties in the 16th century and afterward for refusing to attend services of the Church of England.  2. A dissenter; a nonconformist.

s

salafism n.  a militant group of extremist Sunnis who believe themselves the only correct interpreters of the Koran and consider moderate Muslims to be infidels; seek to convert all Muslims and to insure that its own fundamentalist version of Islam will dominate the world

schadenfreude n. delight in another’s misfortune

sodality n. 1. A society or an association, especially a devotional or charitable society for the laity in the Roman Catholic Church. 2. Fellowship.

solfeggo 1. Use of the sol-fa syllables to note the tones of the scale; solmization. 2. A singing exercise in which the sol-fa syllables are used instead of text

Sublime Porte n.  the Ottoman court in Constantinople

sudorific adj.  Causing or increasing sweat
sumpter n. A pack animal, such as a horse or mule.

shire n. A former administrative division of Great Britain, equivalent to a county. 2. often Shire A Shire horse.

t

tatterdemalion n. a person wearing tattered clothes

Telamon n. Greek Mythology One of the Argonauts and the father of Ajax.

tegument n. A natural outer covering; an integument

u

ultimogeniture n law  (Law) a principle of inheritance whereby the youngest son succeeds to the estate of his ancestor Compare primogeniture

v

valetudinarian n. a weak or sickly person, especially one very concerned about his illness

verdigris n. 1. A blue or green powder consisting of basic cupric acetate used as a paint pigment and fungicide. 2. A green patina or crust of copper sulfate or copper chloride formed on copper, brass, and bronze exposed to air or seawater for long periods of time.

virtu n. 1 A knowledge or love of or taste for fine objects of art. 2. Objects of art, especially fine antique objets d’art, considered as a group

viscera n. abdominal organs

w

wherry n.  sailing barge used especially in East Anglia

whitsun adj. (Christianity / Ecclesiastical Terms) of or relating to Whit Sunday or Whitsuntide

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Sales Lines

Posted by heyrandy on December 6, 2011

There are words and phrases that help sell ideas. Most of these words and phrases are emotional. They load the issue with feelings. I have collected them. Here are some with definitions and discussion.

Clean. Clean things are good. This means dirty things are bad. We have clean-burning natural gas. We also have coal. Coal is not clean.

Family. We hear of “family farms.” A local politician sent around a survey that used “family liquor stores.” That was a new one. “Family values” is trite.

Fight terrorism. Phrase used to justify repressive measures. It is now the case the those fighting terrorism are becoming the real terrorists.

Protect the children. You can’t keep the little one too safe.

Strong schools. An euphemism for more money.

Reform. Usually just talk but sometimes there are superficial changes.

Transparency. A repainting in a new color.

Accountability. The matter caused great bad publicity, so some small fry got fired. Reform usually follows along with promises of transparency.

Fight/get tough on crime. Small-time crooks go to jail. The politically connected thief who stole billions keeps most of the money.

Clean up corruption. My guys get the graft, not yours.

Will/man of the people. He is in someone’s pocket.

Terrorist. Any one the government wants to kill.

Supporter of terrorism. Usually a head of state that has fallen out of favor with our government.

Rogue state. They won’t do what we want.

Regime change. What happens to a rogue state that does not have nukes.

Nukes. Things rogue states use to prevent regime change.

Allies. Countries that go along with us because they will get a share of the loot.

Standards. Important things that are not important.

Good government. Ordinary government with transparency.

Social justice. When government, good or otherwise, takes from those who own and give most of it those who don’t.

Fair share. Class envy; you pay for what I want.

Soak the rich. Tilting at windmills.

Switzerland. A small, land-locked, anomalous country in Europe that is neither ally nor a rogue state.

Good education. Paper certification.

Israel. Majority shareholder of the United States Congress.

TSA. Successor to the Keystone Cops but not as funny.

There are many more. I will leave it to you to add your favorites in the comments.

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more vocabulary to know

Posted by heyrandy on July 25, 2009

Here are some more words that I came across in my reading.

a

abaft adv. toward the stern prep. toward the stern from

affine n.,  adj. related by marriage

alienist n. an forensic psychiatrist

allodial adj. free, not subject to the rights of any lord, opposite of feudal

anaphoria n. the tendency of resting eyes to turn upward

antiscorbutic adj. prevents scurvy

apercu n a precis, a summary based upon a first impression

apophatic theology to express the nature of God in negative terms. i.e., God is not hate. ant. kataphatic

apothegmatist n. a maker or collector of apothegms or proverbs

atomism n. Phil the view that atoms make up all reality, the view that individuals are the ones who determine everything

attar n. an oil obtained from flowers

aulic au lik adj. pertaining to a royal court

avast inter. stop

aventurine n. an opaque or semi-translucent brown glass flecked with minerals

b

basilisk n. Myth. a dragon that could kill with its breath or glance

bathos  anticlimax, trite style

benthonic adj. of the bottom of a body of water

bethink vt. to cause one’s self to think, remember

betimes adj. early

bromidrosis foul smelling perspiration also called osmidrosis

bildungsroman n. a novel concerning the moral development of a person

bilious bad tempered

bonhomie goodnaturedness

brille n. a clear eye lid

brilliantine n. an oily hair dressing

Buckley’s chance n. no chance at all

busk vi. to play music in public while soliciting money

bumptious adj. arrogant, conceited

c

cachalot n. sperm whale

calabash n. a gourd bottle

calomel n. mercury chloride

canakin n. a little can or cup

carapace n. an outer protective shell

carbuncle n. a localized painful sore of the skin 2 a red precious stone

cark vt. vi. to burden with worry

Carthaginian peace  a peace brought about by the total destruction of the enemy

cataphoria n. the tendency of the eyes to angle down after visual stimuli has been removed

cateran n. a Highland robber, a kind of irregular soldier

catholicon n. a panacea

cerebrate vi vt to use one’s mind to think

chador n. a loose usually black head to toe robe that Muslim women where

cicisbeism n. the consort, admirer, or lover of a married woman

chignon a knot of hair worn at the back of the neck

chirurgy  surgery

cineaste  n. a person involve in making of movies, a movie enthusiast

claque kalk n. a group of people hired to applaud at performances, fawning admirers

clout n. a blow from the fist

comedogenic adj. tending to cause or aggravate acne

complaisant adj. willing to please

congener n. a member of the same class

cope a long garment

corposant n. St. Elmo’s fire

cosset vt. to pamper

coster-monger n. a fruit seller

cozen vi. vt. to cheat

cozzening vi. vt. to mislead

cuirass n. the breastplate

Cyclopean adj.  vast, massive, huge, 2. a primitive style of architecture that uses large rough stones

d

demyship n. a scholarship at Magdalen College, Oxford

demotic adj. of the common people   demotic entertainments

denary adj. of the tenth one

descry vt to see from afar

devagination to wander about

diachrony n. the change in language over time

dispost vt. to remove from a post, eject

distrain vt. to seize and hold property to pay a debt

distrait dis tray  adj. to be inattentive because of anxiety

divertissement a diversion or amusement

dramaturgy n. the art of the theater, especially the writing of plays

e

edacious devouring

eldrich adj. spooky, weird. an eldrich scream

Elysium n. the place of ideal happiness

emprise n. a chivalrous or adventurous undertaking

epanaphoria n. Rhet. therepeating of the same word or phrase in each new sentence

epicene adj. having both male and female characteristics

epigraphic  n. an inscription on a statue or building, a quote that starts a written work

equable adj. free from extremes, steady

erethism n. a part of the body that is sensitive to stimulation or irritation

erotomania n. excessive sexual desire

estoppel n. Law a bar that prohibits one from denying what  one has previously stated as true

f

fain adj. happily

fenestration n. the design and placement of windows in a building

flambeaux n.  a lighted torch

fob vt. to cheat

forcing house  a green house for the forcing of plants

fougasse n. an improvised mine

fen n. a low, swampy land; a bog or a marsh

flaneur an idler, loafer

frisson  free saun  n. a moment of sudden excitement e.g., a frisson of terror

fundament n. the geological characteristics of a region

fugelman n. a leader, especially a political one

funipendulous adj. hanging by a rope

g

gamboge n. strong reddish yellow

gambol to leap about playfully

gallard n. a type of dance for two dancers

galloon a narrow braid used as trim

gematria n. the numeric value of Hebrew letters

glabrous adj.  bald

gnomic adj. containing aphorism as gnomic verse

gorget n. a piece of armor protecting the throat, and ornamental collar

gorgon n. a woman considered ugly or terrifying 2. the Medusa

gules n. adj. gyoolz the color red

h

habergeon n. a coat of mail

hyaloid, hyaline adj. resembling glass, glassy

Helot a serf

heliotrope n. a plant that turns toward the sun

hendiadys n.(hen die a dis)  a figure of speech where two words connected by a conjunction are used in place of a noun and adjective e.g.,  grace and favor instead of gracious favor

hie vt. to hasten, speed, go in haste

hieratic adj. associated with those in sacred office, sacerdotal

hircine adj. of a goat

hieratic of the priests

Holocene n. adj. of the geological period

holonym n. a thing as a whole

hypallage  n. Rhet. to give the attributes of one noun to another for effect.

hypernym n. the word describing the class as a whole

hymeneal adj. of marriage

hypocorism n. a pet name

hyponym n. the word describing the member of a class

hypotyposis n. Rhet. a vivid description of a scene

i

idiolect n. individual language usage

indite vt to compose or write

intellection the use of the intellect

integument n. a natural outer covering as a skin.

interpellation vt. to question formally

intussuscept adj. to take within; invaginate

irrefragable  adj. impossible to refute

j

jalop n.  a carthartic drug

jape  vi vt to joke

jerkin  A close-fitting, hip-length, collarless jacket having no sleeves but often extended shoulders, belted and worn over a doublet by men especially in the 16th century.

jussive n. a word or mood used to express a command

k

kataphatic theology  to express the nature of God in positive  terms, i.e., God is love. antonym apophatic

kentledge n. pig iron used as ballast

knell (nell)  vi vt to toll a bell, signal by ringing

kudurru n. a stone document used by Mesopotamian kings to record land grants to     vassals

l

laager n. vi.  a defensive encampment encircled by tanks or wagons

lagniappe n. a small gift given by a store owner to a customer when a purchase is made

lustrate v.t to cleanse, purify We were lustrated with holy water. n. lustration

m

marmoreal adj. resembling marble in it smoothness, hardness, or color

meed n. a just recompense

meronym n. the part of the whole

mingy adj. small, meager

mizen n. the third mast of a sailing ship with three masts

misprision (of a felony) failure to report knowledge of a felony

modus vivendi n. 1 a manner of living; a way of life 2. a temporary agreement pending the final agreement

monopsony n. a situation in which there is only one buyer for many producers

monism n. Phil. the view that everything is a unified whole

mordant adj. bitingly sarcastic

morion n. a type of helmet

mummery n. a pretentious or hypocritical show

myrmidon one who obeys without question

mythopoeic adj. generating myths

n

nabob  a rich or influential man

neurasthenic adj. mental anguish

nictitate vi. to wink

niddering adj. cowardly or base

nidify vi. to build a nest

nidus n. a nest

nisus n. (nye’ sus) an effort or striving to reach an aim or goal

niveous adj. resembling snow

nonary adj. of the ninth one

o

octonary adj. of the eighth one

ophidian adj. of a snake

orlop n. the lowest deck of a ship

osmotic adj. of osmosis

osseous adj. of bone

ovine adj. of a sheep

orison n. prayer

p

palingamy

Panglossian  naively optimistic

pari passu at equal pace, side by side

parrhesia n. Rhet. boldness of speech.

pathopoeia n. Rhet. a speech or figure of speech designed to move emotion

pas de deux n. 1. a dance for two 2. a close relationship between two things

pelisse n. a long loose cloak of fur, a woman’s loose light cloak

pendulous adj. to hang loosely

pennon n. a streamer or pennant

pertinacious adj. holding tenacious to an opinion, coarse of action, belief

petrous adj. of or pertaining to rock

picaresque adj. (pick uh resk) of or involving clever rogues or adventures, especially in fictional, often humorous, stories. His book is a picaresque story of the famous Mr. Doneitall.

philippic

planisphere n. a map showing one half of heaven

plutonian dark, gloomy

pogonotrophy  the growing of beards

pomatum n. vt. a perfumed pomade, to dress the hair with a pomatum

poniard  (pon’ yard) n. a dagger, vt. to stab with a dagger

potlatch n. a ceremonial feast of the northwest Indians marking important events

poser n a puzzling question

prelusive adj. of a prelude

proas n. a swift Malayan sail boat with an outrigger

Promethean creative, original

provenance n. the place of origin

ptosis adj. to sag droop

puerperal adj. of childbirth or the time immediately after

puissant n. adj. power, might

pullulate vi. to sprout or bud; to breed rapidly; to teem or swarm

puncheon n. a large cask

purblind adj. dull witted

q

quaternary adj. of the fourth one

quatrain n. a poem of four lines

quinary adj. of the fifth one

quondam adj. what once was but is no longer

r

Rantipole n. adj. vi. a wild young person

rarefaction n. (rare uh fac tion) a decrease in pressure

refection n. refreshment with food

renitent adj re nite ent recalcitrant

repine to be discontented

rodomontade n. adj. vt.  rod ud mon tade pretentious bragging

roil  vt. to make cloudy, vi. to be in a state of cloudiness

roister to boast or swagger, to have a disorderly good time

rood n.  a crucifix, a 1/4 acre of land

ruck n. a crowd of ordinary people, those who are followers not leaders, vt. to fold or crease, vi. to have a fold or crease

s

sable adj. dark, black

sallow adj. a sickly yellow color

saltation n. the act of leaping or dancing; to advance by leaping

salubrious of good health

sardonic adj. scornful, bitter, mocking

saturnine adj   sullen, melancholy

saurian adj. of a lizard

scaramouch n. a boastful coward

scrofula a form of tuberculous

seignior n. a man of rank and distinction

senary adj. of the sixth one

senescent adj. growing old

septenary adj.  of the seventh one

son et luminere sound and light

Shamus a private eye

Spoonerism n.  a mix up of the initial syllables

stative adj. used of verbs that express a state

Stygian hellish, infernal

subaltern n.  a subordinate adj. to be lower in rank, secondary

surtout n. a man’ s outer coat, esp. a long one

squib n. a short satiric writing or speech

schweik n. a feeble-minded soldier, opposite of German militarism

syncope n.  sing’ ka pee Gram. to shorten a word by omitting a middle sound

syntagm, syntagma n. a string of words that form a part of a larger syntactic unit

t

taff-rail n. the stern rail of a ship

Tantalus Gk. Myth. a king condemn to stand in water that receded when he tried to drink it and beneath fruit that was out of reach

tessellated like a mosaic

theomachy n. a fight among the gods. The theomachy between Zeus and Athena was absurd: they did not exist

tilbury n. a light two wheeled carriage

thole-pin n. fulcrum pin for an oar

threnody a dirge

tierce n.  (tires) a measure of liquid capacity equal to 42 gallons

titration to chemically determine the solution strength

Tosefta n. a secondary compilation of Jewish oral law

trope n. a figure of speech using words in a non-literal way as in a metaphor

tuft-hunting n. the practice of hanging on to persons of importance

tun n. a large cask for liquids

u

undulant wave like

urethra n. the passage through which urine is discharged

v

vale n. 1. a valley 2. farewell

vertiginous adj. revolving about an axis, producing vertigo

vertu n. discernment and taste in art v.. artistic quality

vestry n. a room in a church where vestments are put on, a committee that oversee church affairs,  a classroom in the church

vorlage n. the posture assumed in skiing by bending the ankles forward without lifting the heals

w

ween vt. to think, suppose

weltanschauung world view

whelm vt. to submerge

wraith n. 1. a ghost of a dead person 2. a vague thing

Posted in vocabulary | 5 Comments »

words to know

Posted by heyrandy on January 5, 2008

This collection of words has been compiled through my reading.  I have discovered some of them by looking up the definitions of others.

accusative of the direct object
affiance vt uh fi ens to pledge or betroth in marriage
agonistic adj. combative, struggling to overcome in argument; strained, contrived
alarum any noisy, confused situation
albedo ratio of radiation hitting the earth to that reflected from the earth
aleatoric depending on chance or luck
allusive dealing in allusions, indirect
anomie rootless, lacking values
Antaeus mythical giant wrestler who was invincible as long as he touched his mother earth
aperient a laxative
apostil n. marginal note
apothegm n. ap uh them short, pithy remarks; aphorism
appetence n. ap’ i tens intense natural craving; instinctive affinity for or inclination to
appose vt uh pose to place side by side, apposition
apposite suitable
appurtenance uh pert n ance an adjunct
ashram Indian mystic’s enclosed courtyard where he does his teaching
asyndetic omitting a conjunction
aureole a halo
autarchy self-sufficiency
autolyze to break down cells of your tissue with your own enzymes
badinadoes blows to the bottom of the feet (used in Turkish prisons)
bagnio ban’ yo a brothel
baleful adj. full of menacing influence, pernicious
Bayeux tapestry tapestry depicting the Norman conquest of England
bedizened bee die zen to decorate
benthic of the bottom of the sea
bien-pensant right thinking
bourn (born) 1 bound or limit 2 goal, destination 3 realm or domain
brachial of or like an arm
breviary n. R Cath. the book containing the daily prayers,etc that allow the priest to recite the daily divine office
brilliantine an oily hair dressing
Brobdingnag n. an island inhabited by 60 ft tall giants
brumal adj. wintry
brume n. mist or fog
brummagem adj. showy buy worthless
burnoose n. a hooded robe or cloak worn by Arabs
cadastral public record of land for tax purposes
caesura a break in a line of verse
callet n. a prostitute
calque the transfer of specialized words to another language by the literal translation of their parts
Cambridge change a change that is only apparent and not real
caparison n the decoration on the tack of a horse or the clothing of a person vi to dress richly
carminative n. a drug causing gas to be expelled from the bowel or stomach
carrack n. Mediterranean merchant vessel of the 15th and 16th cent.
carrefour a crossroad, intersection, public square
catachresis adj. catachresis n. the strained or misuse of words
celerity n. swiftness, speed
cenote n. a rainwater filled hole in limestone, common in central america
chanson a song
Chartism n. principles of a group of English social reformers of 1838-43
chary adj. wariness
chillum a clay pipe used in India
clepsydra n. a devise to measure time by the flow of water through an orifice, a water glass
clerisy n. the intellectuals as group
climacteric n. the change in a woman’s life ending in menopause; critic stage in a person’s life when change takes place
clitic n. a word that must be attached to another word e.g. ’em in tell ’em what is said
concessive adj. tending to concede 2 Gram. expressing concession as the English conjunction though
congeries a heap
contretemps an inopportune occurrence
conurbation a large densely populated city with its suburbs
coprolite n. petrified feces
coruscation to give off sudden bright light, to sparkle
corvee forced, unpaid labor of serf by a lord on his estate
Corybante a follower of the goddess Cylebe with dancing and orgies
cosset (kas’ et) n. a pet; vi. to make a pet of, fondle, pamper
coxcomb a silly, vain, foppish fellow
crenate adj. having the edge notched or scalloped to form a rounded tooth
crepitate to make a crackling sound
crepuscular adj. pertaining to twilight, dim, indistinct
crescive growing
crosier bishop’s staff
cynosure person of thing that is the center of attention

dative of the indirect object
declaim vi to speak in a pompous or affected manor
declamations to engage in passionate or pompous speech
decorticate to remove the husk or peel
decussate vt, vi dee kus’ ate to form a x shape
demerara a coarse, light brown sugar
demersal found at or near the bottom of a lake, sea, etc.
demimonde a woman who has lost social standing because of sexual promiscuity
demotic adj. pertaining to the people, popular
deracinate to up root, make homeless
descry vt to make out something indistinct by careful discernment
desinence of an ending, a termination, an inflection
dey ruler of one of the Barbary states
diliquesce vi del a kwes’ to melt away
dirigisme dee ree zhees m gov’t interference in the economy; dirigiste adj. directed by a central authority
donmeh n. a Jew who overtly converts to Islam, yet secretly still observes Jewish ritual
Dormition n. the taking up of the virgin Mary celebrated in Gk. Orthodox and Roman Catholic on Aug. 15
dragoman official guide or interpreter
eidolon eye doe’ len 1 image without existence, phantom 2 an ideal person
eleemosynary of charitable organizations
elentic a method of argument in which a proposition is shown to be true by disproving its opposite
embosk vi to hide something in or with foliage; also imbosk
eminence grise gray eminence, the power hanging over something; a powerful, secret advisor
empyrean of heaven or the sky
emunctory adj. of the intestinal tract, dealing with the digestion of food
enclitic n. a clitic that is attached to the end of another word
endogenous being generated or created from the inside
epigone an inferior follower
Erastian advocation the supreme authority of the state in church matters
eristic of or provoking controversy, or given to sophistry or specious reasoning
esculent edible
estival of summer
excrescence an abnormal outgrowth
exogenous being generated or created from the outside
exordium n. the beginning part
extravasate to flow out from normal vessels into surrounding tissue also used to indicate the flow of lava from a fissu
factitious adj artificial or contrived
factitive adj of verbs taking direct object and objective complement indicating consequence: made in they made him king
farrago confused medley
fasciate vi to bind with bands fasciation
Fenris wolf a wolf like monster
ferrule a rod to whack the hands of kids
flack n. a press agent vi to act as a press agent vi to promote flackery
flagitious extremely evil or barbaric
flechette n. a steel dart shot from a gun
forfend 1 to forbid 2 to ward off, prevent
frisson (free son) n. a shudder or shiver
Fronde n. a series of unsuccessful rebellions during the minority of Louis XIV
frontispiece n. fron tis peas an illustrated leaf before the title page
fustian adj. outmoded, old fashioned
fustigate vt. to beat with a stick, cudgel
fusty adj. moldy, stale ; old and out of date
gibbet n. the arm of a gallows displaying the bodies of the executed criminals
glebe n. soil, field
gnomic using allusions
gomerel a fool, simpleton
gratulation n. the felling of joy, the expression of joy
gudgeon n. a socket for a pintle, a trunnion vi to dupe or cheat
guerdon n. gur’ den a literary prize vi to reward with a guerdon
Guernica Basque town bombed by Nazis
halakic from the Jewish oral (Talmudic) law
hastate adj. spear shaped
hebdomadal adj. weekly
hebdomad n. a week or group of seven
hebetude n. dullness, lethargy
hebitate vt. to make blunt
hierophant an interpreter of esoterica
homunculus a dwarf
houri Islam: the virgins promised the faithful in heaven
imperium n. supreme power
impost a tax
inamorata a woman as a lover, a sweetheart
inanition n. exhaustion from starvation
inappetence n. lack of appetite
interstitial of or forming the interstice- a small crevice or space between parts
intussuscept vt n tus sa sept to invaginate
inunction the process of rubbing ointment on to the skin
irruption n. a violent bursting forth or breaking in 2. a sudden increase in animal population
jabot falling ruffle of lace worn about the neck
janissary a very loyal or submissive follower
jollification n. jolly merry making
jussive expressing a command
Kali the Hindu goddess that gives and destroys life
ken n. range of knowledge v. to know
khanate the domain of a khan
knight-errant a knight sent on a mission
kundalini Hindu concept of a reservoir of divine energy located at the base of the spine and released by yoga
Lamarckism the idea that acquired characteristics are inherited
lebensraum land taken for political expansion
lenitive n. softening or smoothing as in medicine
lineaments n. distinguishing characteristics
lissome moving gracefully, lithe
litotes n. lite’ auh teas an understatement esp in negation: “with not a few regrets”
lateen a triangular sail on such a ship
loggia a balcony facing a open square
lumpen n. the disaffected
lungi Indian loin cloth
Maecenas n. generous patron of the arts
mandala a circular design with images of deities that symbolize the universe
manque adj short of or frustrated in one’s life fulfillment (a poet manque)
Marrano a Jew who outwardly converts to Christianity but secretly is still a Jew, an offensive term for a converso
matryushka Russian dolls that fit inside each other
maunder to speak drivel
messaline a luxurious silk cloth
metonymy n. the use of one object or concept for another to which it is related
micturate to urinate
miliary of a millet seed 2. of a type of tuberculosis that has millet seed sized tubercles
mimesis imitation
modus vivendi n. a temporary agreement
morpheme n. smallest meaningful unit of a language
mortmain 1. transfer of property to a corporation such as a church for perpetual ownership 2. the offensive influence of the past
mummery n. empty ritual
mutatis mutandis with all due adjustments and modifications having been made
myrmidon n. a servant that obey without question
natatorium a swimming pool
Negus title of ruler of Ethiopia
nociceptive no’ sa cep tive adj. of, causing, or reacting to pain
nolens volens whether one wishes it or not
nubilous adj. cloudy, not clear
nuncupative oral, not written
obtest vt. to invoke as a witness, 2 to beseech with fervor
obvert vi. to turn to show a different side
obvolute adj. rolled or turned in
oeuvre (French) a writer’s or artist’s body of work taken as a whole
officialism n. excessive attention to rules and regulations 2. officials in general
olio n. a dish of many ingredients
palfrey n. a riding horse as distinguished from a war horse
Palladian adj. pertaining to the god Pallas; pertaining to wisdom
Palladian of the god Athena of wisdom
Palladium n. anything believed to provide safety of safeguard
pannier woven baskets used on pack animals to transport goods
parricide parent murder
passible adj. that can feel or suffer
pastiche a hodge-podge collection of literary pieces
peculate to embezzle
pelf wealth regarded with contempt
pentimento the fading of oil paint to reveal previous hidden layers of a painting
percipient perceiving keenly
perdu/perdue adj. hidden, obscure
perduration enduring, imperishable
per fervid ardent
perfuse vt to overspread
pergola n. an arbor supported by columns
peripety in literature a sudden turn or reversal of events or action
periphrastic adj. gram. the use of two or more words having the same syntactic function: son of john, john’s son
pertinacity stubborn or obstinate
philippic n. a harsh denunciation of someone
pillion n. pil’ yen extra saddle behind driver’s on a motorcycle
pilose adj. to be covered with hair, especially soft hair
pilpul n. method of rabbinical interpretation of Talmudic lit. that draws especially fine distinctions
pistareen adj pis tuh reen’ of little value or worth
pleonasm to use more words than necessary, to be redundant
pleroma n. fullness from the Greek of Col 2:9
pluvial of rain
pococurante n. indifferent person, v. indifference, nonchalant
pomade perfumed hair dressing
portmanteau a word that is made from parts of two other words
piscine adj. pis’ een of or resembling a fish
precis a summary
prelection n. a lecture or discourse prelect v.
prepossess vt to impress favorably from the beginning
prescripts n. laws
preternatural beyond the natural, superhuman
priapic concerned with virility
priapus the penis
propinquity adj. proximity, nearness, similarity
provenance origin
puck a mischievous sprite
punctate covered with dots or tiny spots
purdah curtain dividing the house in women’s sections and men’s sections
purlieu purl’ you 1 an outlying bound of a city; 2, a place of habitual haunt
purlieus a place outside the boundary. limits, environs, or haunts
pythonic of a divining spirit
quoins overlapping stones at the corner of a building
quondam adj. former
rebarbative repellent, unattractive, grim
recension n. an editorial revision of a text
rechauffe n. ray’ show fay reheated leftovers, any rehashed mtl
rescript an official order
ressentiment frustrated rage
riant adj. rye’ ant to be happy, merry, cheerful
sapid having a taste, especially a pleasing one 2. agreeable to the mind, interesting
saponify v. to change a fat into soap by treating it with an alkali
saporific adj. imparting flavor or taste
sapor n. the substance that gives flavor or taste
saporous adj. flavorful
saprogenic adj. sap roe gen ic producing putrefaction or decay
scansion the act of analyzing poetry by its rhythmic components
scapegrace an unprincipled fellow, a rogue
Schadenfraude glee at another’s misfortune
scrivener notary
seminivorous feeding on seeds
semiology the signs and symbols of a language
semiotics of signs
semi palmate half webbed feet
senescent adj. growing old
shadoof n. water bucket on weighted rod used to raise water
Shavian of G.B. Shaw or his work
Shrievalty of the sheriff
shtetl a Jewish community of eastern Europe
simulacrum 1 image, likeness 2 a vague representation 3 a sham, a pretense
Solon a legislator, especially a wise one
sonorous high sounding
spoilate to rob, plunder
starets  Russian orthodox ch: spiritual advisor
stochastic adj. conjectural; statical meaning contains random variables
strophe n. stro’ fe a stanza
subsidiary coin coin of less than standard unit value
subvention n. 1 a grant of money by a government or other agency to underwrite a project 2 aid or relief
sumptuary pertaining to reduce expenditure or control personal behavior
supervene vi to take place or occur as something additional
suppletion to rotate the arm to have the palm up
suppurative generating pus
surcease an end or cessation
syllepsis n. the use of one word with two syntactic functions
sylph a slender graceful young woman
syndetic adj serving to connect
syndicalism an economic system where the means of production are given to the workers
synecdoche n. a metonymy
tabescent adj tuh bes’ ent to be emaciated or wasted away
Tantra n. books of esoteric Hindu ritual
Tartuffe n. a hypocrite, especially a religious one
telamon n. a supporting column carved in the shape of a man, aka atlas
tendentious of or to promote a perticular view
theophoric name n. the embedded name of a deity in a person’s name
theroid adj. having animal tendencies, brutish
thersitical adj. scurrilous, foul mouthed, abusive
tiffin lunch
tocsin an alarm
topos in literature a repeated theme
traduce vt to defame, malign
trull n. a woman prostitute
trumpery something of no value
twaddle, r n. silly talk, one who use twaddle
ukase an arbitrary decree
unciform hook shaped
Uniate of eastern churches that are under the see of Rome but have their own liturgy and customs
urticaria hives
urticate to sting with nettles
usufructs n. the use and benefit of something without ownership
veld, veldt grassland
velitation hostile encounter
vertiginous adj. whirling, spinning
viands n. items of food
viridian blue-green
volant adj to have the power of flight
volitation n. the act or power of flight
volplane vi. to glide in an airplane
votary one under a vow
white shoe a company that usually deals only with w.a.s.p clients
zeugma n. the use of one word with two objects e.g. wage war and peace

inter se between us

plangent adj. loud and resounding

eruct to belch violently, a volcanic eruption

garboil n. a commotion

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