Hey! Randy

Vocabulary, vol. 5

Posted by heyrandy on August 7, 2017

 

Here is the latest volume in Hey Randy’s vocabulary discovery. As always, when evaluating this post score double points to any word you find here that I listed in previous posts.

A

abaft. nautical. adv., toward the stern

adipose, adj., of or relating to fat, fatty

ad loc., at or to the place

adytum, n., the sanctum in an ancient temple

affray, n., a noisy quarrel or brawl

agnate, adj. relate or descended from the father’s side

aliquot adj., of or relating to an exact divisor of factor of a quanitity, especially of an integer; n., an aliquot part

anker, n., a liquid measure in various countries of Europe.

arras, n., a wall hanging; a tapestry; a curtain or wall hanging, especially of Flemish origin

asper n., a former Turkish monetary unit

auctorial adj., of or relating to an author

B

baldric, n., a belt worn across the chest to support a sword or bugle

banns, n. an announcement of an intended marriage.

barracoon, n., a barracks in which slaves or convicts were formerly held in temporary confinement

batman, n. a British military officer’s orderly

besom n., a bundle of twigs attached to a handle and used as a broom

bouma , typography the shape of a cluster of letters

brio n. vigor, vivacity

burgh, n., a chartered town or borough in Scotland

Buridan’s ass, n. in philosophy an example intended to show the deficiency of reason. An ass standing equidistant from two identical heaps of oats starves to death because reason provides no ground for choosing to eat one rather than the other

C

cabtharides, n., plural of if cantharis, a diuretic and urogenital stimulant of irritant prepared form the dried bodies of Spanish fly. once thought to be an aphrodisiac.

cacique n., an Indian chief, especially of the Spanish West Indies and other parts of Latin America during colonial times. A local political boss in Spain or Latin America

camarilla, n., a group of confidential, often scheming advisers; a cabal

ce-devant adj., former

celadon, n. a pale to very pale green, 2 a type of pottery having a pale green glaze

charabanc n. an open top bus used for sightseeing

chignon, n., a roll or knot of hair worn at the back of the head

chicote, n., a whip made of twisted rhinoceros hide see sjambok

clamant, adj. clamorous, loud 2 demanding attention, pressing

clew, n., a ball of yarn or thread; clews, the cords by which a hammock is suspended; clewed, vt., to roll into a coil or ball.

clitic, n., an unstressed word that is incapable of standing on its own and attaches its pronunciation to a stressed word, e.g., ’em (I see ’em.)

coffle n. a group of animal, slaves, or prisoners chained together in a line

comitia, n. & n. pl., a popular assembly in ancient Rome having legislative or electoral duties.

constative, adj. relating to or being an utterance that asserts or states something that can be judged as true of false. n. an utterance such as an assertion.

cordillera, n., a extensive chain of mountains or mountain ranges, especially the principal mountain system of a continent.

cortege, n. a train of attendants, a retinue

coup de main, n., a sudden action undertaken to surprise an enemy.

culverin, n., an early crudely made musket

cuirass, n., a piece of armor for protecting the breast and back; the breastplate

cynosure, n., an object that serves as a focal point of attention and admiration 2 something that serves to guide

D

deaccession v.tr., to remove an object from a collection, especially in order to sell it and purchase other objects

delandra est Carthago,  Carthage must be destroyed

demarche n., a course of action; a diplomatic representation or protest; a statement of protest addressed by citizens to public authorities

de minimus, of trifling consequence or importance; too insignificant to be worthy of concern; a reference to the phrase deminimis non curat lex (the law does not concern itself with trifles)

dingle, n., a small wooded valley; a dell

dirk, n. a dagger

dispositive, adj., relating to or having an effect on disposition or settlement, especially of a legal case or will.

donjon. n., the fortied main tower of a castle

E

ecesis n. the successful establishment of a plant or animal species in a habitat

eclaircissement, n., French, clarification; explanation; enlightenment

egestion n., a bodily excretion tr.v., egest

eldrich adj., strange, weird, unearthly

enclitic, n. a clitic that is attached to the end of another word

ephor, one of a body of five elected magistrates exercising a supervisory power over the kings of Sparta

epopt n., one enlightened in secrets ways

eucarya n., quondong trees

eupatrid, n. a member of the hereditary aristocracy of ancient Athens

F

factitious, adj., produced artificially, sham

fane n,. a temple

fanfaronade, n., gragging or blustering manner or behavior. a fanfare

flamen n., a priest of ancient Rome

Fashoda, a small town is SE Sudan the scene of a diplomatic incident (1898) in which French occupation of the fort caused a crisis between France Great Britain

firman, n., an edict of an Oriental sovereign 2 any authoritative grant of permission

fisc. n., the treasury of a kingdom or state

flinders, n., bits, fragments, or splinters

fontanel, n. the soft spot in a baby’s head

fustian, n., a coarse cloth; pretentious speech; pompous language. adj., pompous, bombastic, and ranting

G

gabble, v. intr. to speak rapidly or incoherently; jabber2 to make rapid low muttering or quacking sounds v. tr. to utter rapidly n., rapid, incoherent or meaningless speech

galere n., a group of people having a common interest, esp. a coterie of undesirable people; an unpleasant situation

gallimaufry, n., a jumble; a hodgepodge

gallipot, n., a small glazed earthenware jar formerly used by druggists of medicaments

gawp, intr. v. to gawk

gesellschaft n., a group of people held together by practical concerns

gemeinschaft n., a group of people held together by common beliefs or family ties.

gens, n. gentes, n.pl., a patrilineal clan of ancient Rome composed of several families of the same name claiming a common ancestor and belonging to a common religious cult

gotch n. an undergarment

H

haruspex, n. haruspices, n.pl., a priest in ancient Rome who practiced divination by the inspection of the entrails of animals

Hautgout, n., high relish or flavor; high seasoning

heterosis n., the increase in growth or othre characters in hybrids over those of the parents adj. heterotic

hummock, n. a low mound or ridge of earth; a knoll, also hammock, a tract of forested land that rises above an adjacent marsh in the southern US

hyperborean, adj., of the far north; Artic 2. very cold; frigid

I

impone v.tr., to wager

indaba n. south African tribal council

ingressive adj. involving an ingress; inchoative; ling., a word sound made by intake of air

inter alia, adv., among other things

intromission, n., the act of putting one thing into another; cannulation

J

jobbery n., corruption among public officials

K

kelson, n., variant of keelson. a timber or girder fastened above and parallel to the keel of a ship

L

Lacedaemon, the ancient city-state of Sparta

Laocoon n., A Trojan priest of Apollo who who was killed by two sea serpents for having warned his people of the Trojan horse

levee n., an embankment to contain a river; a reception held, as at a royal court

limgam, n., (Hinduism) a stylized phallus worshiped as a symbol of the god Shiva

lixiviate, tv., to wash or percolate the soluble matter from

luff, n., the act of sailing closer into the wind

M

mairie,  a city hall

manes or Manes, n. pl. the spirits of the dead, regarded as minor supernatural powers in ancient Rome

mantuamaker, n., one who makes dresses, cloaks, etc. for women; a dressmaker.

mare clausum, n., a navigable body of water that is under the jurisdiction of one nation and closed to all others

masque n., a dramatic entertainment performed by masked players

medina, n. the old section of an Arab city

medullary, n. the inner core of certain organs, 2, the pith of stems or roots of certain plants

melliferous, adj., forming or bearing honey

metapsychosis, n. reincarnation

meum and tuum, n., Lit. to fail to distinguish one’s own property from another’s; to be dishonest

mirk adj., dark, gloomy also murk

missish adj., like a miss, prim, affected

monstrance, n. in Roman Catholic Church the receptacle holding the consecrated Host is exposed for adoration. 2, proof by process of argument or a proposition proving an asserted conclusion

mudsill n,. the lowest point of a building upon which the foundation rests

muzhik, n. a Russian peasant

mutatis mutandis, adv., the necessary changes having been made

myrmidon, n. an ancient nation of Greek mythology. A dining club a Merton College, University of Oxford

N

nubbin n. a small or undeveloped part, a stunted part

O

offing, n., the part of the sea visible from the shore that is very distant or beyond anchoring ground

opisthography, n., a writing wpon the back of anything already written upon; the practice of writing on both sides of the object used as a surface

orthhogonal adj., relating to or composed of right angles; very different or unrelated, sharply divergent

P

palfrey n., a light saddle horse, esp. ridden by women

pantile, n., a roof tile with an S-shaped profile

parti pris, n., an inclination for or against something that affects judgment; a bias or prejudice

pasquinade n., a satire or lampoon; v.tr., to ridicule with a pasquinade

Penates, pl. n, the Roman gods of the household.

perturbative adj.,tending to cause perturbation; disturbing

peruke n., a wig

physiatrist n., a physician who specializes in physical medicine; a health care professional who administers physical therapy

physiognomy n., facial features; the art of judging human character from facial features; aspect and character of an inanimate entity

polemarch, n., a civilian official in ancient Greece

prepotent, adj., greater in power, influence, or force than another

phalanstery, n. a self-sustaining coperative community of followers of Fourierism

phratry, n. a grouping of clans or other social units within a tribe

pinchbeck, n., an alloy of zinc and copper used as imitation gold; a cheap imitation; adj., imitation

plangent, adj., loud and resound as in plangent bells; 2 plantive

point d’appui, n., a support or prop; the base or rallying point for a military unit

pontifex, n. a man on the highest council of priests in ancient Rome

primus inter pares, n., first among equals

proscenium, n., the area of a theater that is located between the curtain and the orchestra

puggaree n. cloth wrapped around the crown of a hat

purblind, adj., having poor vision; nearly blind

privative, adj., causing deprivation or loss

puttee, n., a strip of cloth wound spirally around the leg from ankle to knee 2 a gaiter covering the lower leg

Q

quadrille n. a type of dance

qui vive, n., a sentinel’s challenge. Who goes there? (French)

R

Rabelaisian, adj. of Rabelais or his works; 2, characterized by coarse humor or bold caricature

refractory, adj., obstinately resistant to authority 2 difficult to melt 3 resistant to treatment

risorgimento, n., the period or movement for the liberation and political unification of Italy.

rodomontade, n., pretentious boasting; bluster; adj., pretentiously boasting or bragging; intr. v., to boast or brag.

ruction, n. a disturbance, quarrel, or row

S

sanative, adj., having the power to cure; a sanative environment

sangar, n., military: a breastwork of stone or sods

sannyasi, n., a wandering mendicant and ascetic

Sauterne n. a semisweet white wine

sauve qui peut, n., a state of panic or disorder; a rout

scud, intr. v., to run or skim along swiftly and easily; n., the act of scudding

sjambok, n., a whip made of animal hide see chicote

shrive, v., to hear the confession of and give absolution to a penitent. to make or go to confession.

souterrain, n., an underground chamber or passage

spermaceti n. a wax-like substance from the head of the sperm whale

spinney, n., a small grove; copse

T

taboret, n., a low stool without a back or arms; a low stand or cabinet; an embroidery frame

tarn, n., a small mountain lake, especially one formed by glaciers

taurobolium a part of an ancient religious rite involving baptism in the blood of a sacrificed bull. Also tauroboly

termagant, n,. a shrew

terpsichorean, adj., of or relating to dancing; n., a dancer

timocracy n. 1. a political unit of system of gov’t. in which possession of property  serves as the first requirement for participation in gov’t. 2 a political unit or system in which love or honor is deemed the guiding principle of gov’t.

tutelary, adj., being or serving as a guardian or protector

U

ulema, or ulama, pl. n. Muslim scholars trained in Islam and Islamic law.

ultra vires, adj, adv. beyond the legal power or authority of a person, corporation, agent, etc.

V

veridical, adj., truthful; veracious 2. coinciding with future events or apparently unknowable present realities

vesica piscis, n., a pointed oval shape used in medieval Christian art as an aureole to surrond a sacred figure

W

wimple. n., a cloth draped around the head  to frame the face

X

Y

Z

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