Hey! Randy

Archive for September, 2013

Vocabulary vol. 4

Posted by heyrandy on September 2, 2013

Here is the latest volume in Hey Randy’s vocabulary discovery. As always, when evaluating this post score double points to any word you find here that I listed in previous posts.

A

alienage n. the official status of an alien

anchorite n. a person who has retired into seclusion for religious reasons

anomie n. instability caused by the erosion of social ideals and values

antiquary n pl -quaries (Fine Arts & Visual Arts / Antiques) a person who collects, deals in, or studies antiques, ancient works of art, or ancient times Also called antiquarian

apse n. 1. Architecture A usually semicircular or polygonal, often vaulted recess, especially the termination of the sanctuary end of a church. 2. Astronomy An apsis.

areata adj. occurring in patches or a circumscribed area

astrolabe n. a medieval instrument that was used to determine the altitude of the sun or other celestial bodies.

arriviste n. a person who has recently attained high position or great power but not general acceptance or respect; an upstart; a social climber; a bounder

autotelic adj. having a purpose in itself

B

Babbitt n. a narrow-minded, self-satisfied person with an unthinking attachment to middle-class values and materialism. After George F. Babbitt, the main characterin the novel Babbit by Sinclair Lewis

Baignoire n. a box of the lowest tier in a theater.

bailment n.  The process of providing bail for an accused person. 2. The act of delivering goods or personal property to another in trust.

ballade 1. A verse form usually consisting of three stanzas of eight or ten lines each along with a brief envoy, with all three stanzas and the envoy ending in the same one-line refrain. 2. Music A composition, usually for the piano, having the romantic or dramatic quality of a narrative poem

banket n. a gold bearing conglomerate in South Africa.

biennale Italian. every other year.

brassage n. a fee charged for coining of money now called seigniorage

C

cannula n. A flexible tube, usually containing a trocar at one end, that is inserted into a bodily cavity, duct, or vessel to drain fluid or administer a substance such as a medication.

cession n. ceding territory to another state

chancery n. 1. Law a. A court of chancery. b. The proceedings and practice of a court of chancery; equity. c. A court of public record; an office of archives. d. One of the five divisions of the High Court of Justice of Great Britain, presided over by the Lord High Chancellor. 2. The office or department of a chancellor; a chancellery.

Cointreau (TM) n. a colorless liqueur with orange flavoring.

col n. a pass between two mountains

compurgation n. a form of trial where the accused could summon a specified number of people, usually 12, to swear to his innocence.

contrapuntal adj. music of or relating to counterpoint

copse n. a thicket of small trees or shrubs; a coppice

coryphaeus n. a leader of a Greek chorus, a spokesperson

coup de main n. sudden action

D

delator n. an accuser

delict n. A legal offense; a misdemeanor

dell n. a small secluded valley, a hollow

demimonde n. a class of women kept by wealthy lovers, prostitutes.

Deosil adj. sunwise, moving in the same direction as the sun; clockwise

dewlaps n. a wattle of a bird or loose skin on a person especially under the chin

doggo adv. in concealment eg. You should stay doggo.

doyen n. a man who is the eldest or senior member of a group

dressage n. the guiding of a horse through a series of complex maneuvers by slight movement of the rider’s hands, legs, and weight.

duple adj. Consisting of two; double. 2. Music Consisting of two or a multiple of two beats to the measure (from the definition of gavotte qv. infra)

E

eldritch adj. strange or unearthly, eerie

enchiridion n. a handbook, a manual

entail vt 1. To have, impose, or require as a necessary accompaniment or consequence: The investment entailed a high risk. The proposition X is a rose entails the proposition X is a flower because all roses are flowers. 2. To limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs. 3. To bestow or impose on a person or a specified succession of heirs. n. 1. a. The act of entailing, especially property. b. The state of being entailed. 2. An entailed state. 3. A predetermined order of succession, as to an estate or to an office. 4. Something transmitted as if by unalterable inheritance.

exiguous adj. meager, scanty

F

fanfaronade n. a bragging or blustering manner, fanfare

fin-de-siecle adj. of or characteristic of the last part of the 19th century, especially with reference to effete sophistication.

finikin adj. precise in triffles, idly busy. ex. a finikin lass.

firman n. 1. an edict of an Oriental sovereign 2. any authoritative grant of permission

folkmoot n. a general assembly of people in a town, district, or shire in medieval England

foramen n. an opening in the body to allow nerves, arteries, and veins to connect one part of the body to another

fisc n. the treasury of a kingdom or state

furuncle n. a skin boil involving a hair follice

G

gavotte n  A French peasant dance of Baroque origin in moderately quick duple meter. 2. Music for this dance (From Carly Simon’s Your So Vain)

glossator n. a writer of commentaries and glosses, esp. in the middle ages a interpreter of Roman and Canon law

good odor adj. to be in good repute vs. bad odor

graticulation n. The division of a design or draught into squares, in order the more easily to reproduce it in larger or smaller dimensions.

grawlix n. a group of characters such as @#$%^& usually used to indicate swear words

H

hyperborean adj. of or telating to the far north; Artic b. very cold; frigid

hypothecation vt. To pledge (property) as security or collateral for a debt without transfer of title or possession

I

intaglio n. a design carved into a surface as opposed to relief

integument n. a natural outer covering or coat, such as the skin of an animal.

J

Je nes sais quoi French. I don’t know.

K

kolkhozes n. In the USSR a group of peasants who voluntarily come together to operate large scale agricultural operations

L

latifundiun n. a great landed estate esp. of ancient Rome

leasow n. a pasture

lapith n. Greek Mythology One of a Thessalian tribe who at the disastrous wedding of their king defeated the drunken centaurs.

M

madrigals n. a. A song for two or three unaccompanied voices, developed in Italy in the late 13th and early 14th centuries. b. A short poem, often about love, suitable for being set to music. 2. a. A polyphonic song using a vernacular text and written for four to six voices, developed in Italy in the 16th century and popular in England in the 16th and early 17th centuries. b. A part song.

marquetry n. Material such as wood or ivory inlaid piece by piece into a wood surface and veneered to another surface.

meed n. a fitting recompense

metier n. calling; vocation; business; trade

metope n. any of the spaces between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze

mis-en-scene n. the arrangement of performers and properties on a stage for a theatrical production of before the camera in a film. b. a stage setting 2. Physical environment; surroundings

motet n. A polyphonic composition based on a sacred text and usually sung without accompaniment

N

nabob n. 1. A governor in India under the Mogul Empire. Also called nawab2. A person of wealth and prominence.

nark n. an informant

navvy n. n.pl. navvies a laborer, especially one employed in construction or excavation projects.

O

obelus n. n.pl. obeli the division mark

occasionalism n. The doctrine that God is the sole causal actor and that all events are merely occasions on which God brings about what are normally thought of as their effects.
Ossiann. A legendary Gaelic hero and bard of the third centuary A.D.
outre adj. passing the bounds of what is usually considered proper; unconventional; bizarre

P

paralogy n. false reasoning; paralogism

pediment n. a triangular gable between a horizontal entablature and a sloping roof

pelisse n. 1. (Clothing & Fashion) a fur-trimmed cloak 2. (Clothing & Fashion) a high-waisted loose coat, usually fur-trimmed, worn esp by women in the early 19th century

penetralia n. pl. the innermost pats of a building, especially the sanctuary of a temple. 2 the most private or secret parts; recesses, (the penetralia of the soul)

peristaltsis n. the wavelike muscular contractions of the alimentary canal or other tubular structures by which the contents are force onward toward the opening

pickelhaube n. a spiked helmet worn by German soldiers

pilcrow the symbol ¶ used to indicate a new paragraph

placer n. a glacial or alluvial deposit that has valuable minerals

poetaster n. a writer of bad poetry

punctilio n. a fine point in etiquette, precise observance of formalitites

porphyry n. An igneous rock containing the large crystals known as phenocrysts embedded in a fine-grained matrix

psychotogen n. a drug that produces psychotic manifestations.

Q

R

S

satori n. Buddhism: a spiritual awakening sough in Zen Buddhism, often coming suddenly

scrim n. a durable loosely woven fabric used for curtains or upholstery lining. 2. A transparent fabric used as a drop in the theater to create special effects of light or atmosphere.

scry vi. to see or predict the future by means of a crystal ball. descry

solidus n. n. pl. solidi printing: a virgule; a slash

stygian n. gloomy, dark, infernal, hellish, 2 of the river Styx

suffragan n. 1. A bishop elected or appointed as an assistant to the bishop or ordinary of a diocese, having administrative and episcopal responsibilities but no jurisdictional functions. 2. A bishop regarded in position as subordinate to an archbishop or a metropolitan

supernumerary n. a person  with no function

T

Taborites n. Eccl. Hist.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who suffered persecution in the fifteenth century; – so called from Tabor, a hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their persecution

tambour n. a drum or drummer

tangka n. an old Tibetan coin

telluric adj. of or relating to Earth; terrestrial 2. Derived or containing tellurium.

thegn also thane n. 1. (in Anglo-Saxon England) a member of an aristocratic class, ranking below an ealdorman, whose status was hereditary and who held land from the king or from another nobleman in return for certain services 2. (in medieval Scotland) a. a person of rank, often the chief of a clan, holding land from the king b. a lesser noble who was a Crown official holding authority over an area of land

trocar n. A sharp-pointed surgical instrument, used with a cannula to puncture a body cavity for fluid aspiration

tump vt. vi., to overturn

U

V

virid adj. green as vegetation, verdant

Voivode n. also called waywode Originally, the title of a military commander in various Slavonic countries; afterwards applied to governors of towns or provinces. It was assumed for a time by the rulers of Moldavia and Wallachia, who were afterwards called hospodars, and has also been given to some inferior Turkish officers.

W

Waywode see Voivode

wheal n. a small swelling of the skin as from an insect bite

widdershins adv. in the contrary or counterclockwise motion

 

Wyrd n. an Anglo-Saxon deity

X

Y

Z



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